Laws in the Indian Constitution against Animal-Killing

Laws in the Indian Constitution

Laws in the Indian Constitution against Animal-Killing


According to the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, enacted for the protection of wildlife, birds and plants, the act of hunting is “the capture, killing, poisoning, trapping or trapping of a wild animal” . In fact, hurting, damaging or stealing part of an animal’s body also constitutes a hunt. For wild birds and reptiles, “disturbing or damaging eggs or nests” is equivalent to hunting. The amendment to the law was applied in January 2003 and the penalties for the infringements were made stricter.

A first offender who hunts animals or changes the boundaries of a reserved forest area is liable to a minimum fine of Rs. 10,000 and at least three years of rigorous imprisonment. For a subsequent offense, the term of imprisonment can be extended to seven years with a minimum fine of Rs. 25,000. With the insertion of a new section, 51 A, the process of securing a bond is Become more difficult. According to this amendment, the accused will only receive a bond if the court finds “reasonable grounds” to believe that the individual is not guilty.

The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act (PCA), 1960
The 1960 Animal Cruelty Prevention Act was promulgated to prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain in animals. Section 11 makes it clear that causing damage to an animal during transport is a recognized offense. Attachment to livestock in overcrowded vehicles is illegal in accordance with this Act. In fact, injecting any damage and serving toxic foods is also illegal. Such a violation of Article 11 calls for a penalty of Rs. 100 and / or up to three months’ imprisonment.

Indian Criminal Code
According to articles 428 and 429 of the Indian Penal Code, it is illegal to mutilate or injure an animal. Acts like throwing acid on cows, hurting street dogs and cats also invite a punishment that, in a way, serves as a reserve for many reckless drivers on the road. The Code also makes it illegal for cars to hurt or kill dogs, cats and cows on the street. Offenders are handed over to the local animal protection group or police station. In addition, a criminal case is filed against them. A minimum penalty of Rs. 2000 and / or up to five years of imprisonment is awarded to the perpetrators.

Animal testing of cosmetic banned in India
In 2014, India introduced a nationwide ban on cosmetics for animal testing. The ban on animal testing makes it illegal to use chemicals on their skin or give them lethal doses. In addition, any medical or research institute may not remove stray animals from the streets for testing purposes. To report cases of illegal tests on animals, which cause “considerable suffering” to animals, a national helpline has also been launched.

E-government initiatives in India

E-government initiatives in India

E-government initiatives in India


The National eGovernment Plan (GNE), which intends to change the perspective of government in the processes followed, has always focused on two factors: building capacity in government and educating citizens.

The plan, which has received government approval on May 18, 2006, has been formulated to create a solid foundation on which the e-government building could be built. The need for “good governance” is developed and institutional mechanisms, infrastructure and adequate policies are established to guarantee the rapid execution of key projects, both in the Center and in the State.

Major e-government projects in India
The initiative of India Digital was incubated to integrate the administration and citizens. The initiative has three main components: the creation of a digital infrastructure, providing digital and digital literacy services. In addition to targeting rural India with high-speed Internet networks, it also sets the goal of making public services accessible to people electronically and reducing paperwork.

The push m-Government of Modi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently invited stakeholders to consider the “first mobile”, which, he says, is a must for a successful implementation of e-government. Its emphasis on mobile governance must be seen as a major boost for India’s digital initiative. In addition, Modi has recently launched “Twitter Samvad” – a new service that will provide the government tweets of registered users every day. According to the initiative, tweets related to government services and developments will be delivered to those who register for the service.

E-Kranti: electronic delivery of services
To make use of more widespread computing, the NDA government plans to introduce interactive voice response systems to incorporate buyer and seller platforms through mobile applications. It is a step towards the creation of mobile phones for the management of agriculture. In addition to Kranti mail, there are eight pillars on which India’s digital initiative is centered, including broadband roads, the public Internet access program and the digital portfolio.

States that have implemented e-government
Bhoomi Project (Karnataka)
The Karnataka government has transformed the way land registries are maintained with the Bhoomi project. The digitization concept of land registries brought not only transparency, but also provided 6.7 million producers with direct access to 20 million records of rural land. Farmers have unrestricted access to their details on land through 177 newsagents throughout the state. In addition, the need to depend on intermediaries is eliminated.

Gyandoot (Madhya Pradesh)
This initiative the provision of intranet services was launched in Dhar district in January 2000. The aim was to provide information relevant to the rural population. This has served as an interface between the district administration and the people.

Lokvani Project (Uttar Pradesh)
This is a public-private partnership launched in November 2004 to provide the e-government solution for handling complaints, maintaining land registries and a mix of other essential services.

FRIENDS project (Kerala)
AMIGOS is synonymous with fast network, payment service, instantaneous and effective reliable. Regarded as the most popular e-government project, AMIGOS allows citizens to pay taxes and make necessary government transactions with ease.

E-Mitra Project (Rajasthan)
The project has been in operation since 2005. Its main objective is to ensure timely access to services for citizens belonging to all departments. Urban and rural citizens can have complete security security for their transactions. Instead of circulating in different departments, they can use an integrated electronic platform to receive services.

E-Seva (Andhra Pradesh)
The e-Seva initiative was a movement to provide services of “citizen government” and “e-Business to citizen”. All services are provided online to citizens by connecting to the respective departments.

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