Laws in the Indian Constitution against Animal-Killing
According to the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, enacted for the protection of wildlife, birds and plants, the act of hunting is “the capture, killing, poisoning, trapping or trapping of a wild animal” . In fact, hurting, damaging or stealing part of an animal’s body also constitutes a hunt. For wild birds and reptiles, “disturbing or damaging eggs or nests” is equivalent to hunting. The amendment to the law was applied in January 2003 and the penalties for the infringements were made stricter.
A first offender who hunts animals or changes the boundaries of a reserved forest area is liable to a minimum fine of Rs. 10,000 and at least three years of rigorous imprisonment. For a subsequent offense, the term of imprisonment can be extended to seven years with a minimum fine of Rs. 25,000. With the insertion of a new section, 51 A, the process of securing a bond is Become more difficult. According to this amendment, the accused will only receive a bond if the court finds “reasonable grounds” to believe that the individual is not guilty.
The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act (PCA), 1960
The 1960 Animal Cruelty Prevention Act was promulgated to prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain in animals. Section 11 makes it clear that causing damage to an animal during transport is a recognized offense. Attachment to livestock in overcrowded vehicles is illegal in accordance with this Act. In fact, injecting any damage and serving toxic foods is also illegal. Such a violation of Article 11 calls for a penalty of Rs. 100 and / or up to three months’ imprisonment.
Indian Criminal Code
According to articles 428 and 429 of the Indian Penal Code, it is illegal to mutilate or injure an animal. Acts like throwing acid on cows, hurting street dogs and cats also invite a punishment that, in a way, serves as a reserve for many reckless drivers on the road. The Code also makes it illegal for cars to hurt or kill dogs, cats and cows on the street. Offenders are handed over to the local animal protection group or police station. In addition, a criminal case is filed against them. A minimum penalty of Rs. 2000 and / or up to five years of imprisonment is awarded to the perpetrators.
Animal testing of cosmetic banned in India
In 2014, India introduced a nationwide ban on cosmetics for animal testing. The ban on animal testing makes it illegal to use chemicals on their skin or give them lethal doses. In addition, any medical or research institute may not remove stray animals from the streets for testing purposes. To report cases of illegal tests on animals, which cause “considerable suffering” to animals, a national helpline has also been launched.